WHAT IS ORTHODONTICS?
Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that studies, prevents and corrects alterations in development, forms of dental arches and position of the jaws, in order to restore the morphological and functional balance of the mouth and face, Also improving facial aesthetics.
WHY DO THESE ANOMALIES OCCUR?
There are many causes responsible for these defects, but the most frequent are the following:
1. The modern diet of soft foods decreases the size of the bones that host the teeth, favoring their malposition and crowding.
2. Prolonged infantile vice of sucking the finger or using a pacifier causes the maxillary advancement or forward inclination of the upper teeth.
3. The premature loss of milk teeth, due to untreated caries, prevents the correct removal of the final teeth.
4. Open mouth breathing, by continued inflammation of tonsils and adenoids, as well as various allergies, hinders the normal development of bones and teeth.
5. The influence of the family inheritance transmits certain defects in the position of the bones and the teeth.
6. Certain gum diseases tend to move the teeth and put them badly.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF ORTHODONTICS?
Orthodontic treatment, properly performed by a qualified professional, gets the desired alignment of the teeth and improves the position of the maxillary bones. In this way, the teeth fit well providing good mastication, remain healthy and strong and ensure a long life to the teeth. As an important added value, well placed teeth produce a beautiful and attractive smile that reinforces personal self-esteem.
HOW ARE DEFECTS DISCOVERED?
When the initial signs of anomalies of the teeth or bones appear, it is necessary to ascertain their importance and severity, and the causes that have produced them. For this, models of the denture and a series of x-rays and special photographs are taken. The study of these registries allows to make a correct diagnosis and propose the appropriate treatment for each particular patient. It is necessary to emphasize the importance of a complete diagnosis and the transcendence of informing the patient in detail, before placing any type of orthodontic appliance.
WHAT IS ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT?
Once the problem has been identified, the treatment is based on modifying the malpositions of the teeth by moving them smoothly, continuously and controlled. To obtain the result of a good alignment of the teeth is used aparatología that does not usually cause no type of pain or discomfort, allowing the patient to eat and speak without difficulty.
ARE ALL ORTHODONTIC TREATMENTS THE SAME?
1. Preventive treatment aims at eliminating habits that may cause future bone deformity, usually performed in the milk teeth (5 to 7 years).
2. The Interceptive treatment is oriented to facilitate the normal exit of the definitive teeth and to improve the size and position of the maxillary bones, generally in the period in which the replacement of the teeth of milk by the definitive ones begins (from 7 to 11 years ).
3. Corrective therapy is indicated when all the definitive teeth have erupted (from 12 to 15 years) and we have complete permanent dentures.
4. Also some adult patients often need some kind of orthodontic improvement after the time where wisdom teeth have finished their eruption.
WHAT ARE ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES LIKE?
There are different types of appliances that we use for orthodontic correction. The most frequently used are the fixed ones because we can predict with more certainty the movements that we need to perform. Although there are removable devices their effects are much more limited and in some patients we could not achieve the goals set in the initial treatment plan.
HOW LONG DOES AN ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT LAST?
Orthodontic treatment is often prolonged because the movement of teeth and bones must be smooth, slow and slow. As in the cure of a disease, it is difficult to predict its total duration. This depends on the severity of the problem, the age of the individual, the equipment used, the cooperation of the patient, and especially, the professional competence of the person who performs it. There are even treatments that are done in several separate phases. In general, although treatment usually takes about two years, the exact duration depends on the individual factors of the patient and this can be confirmed at the time of starting the treatment.
CAN YOU GUARANTEE THE SUCCESS OF THE TREATMENT?
Just as the doctor can not guarantee in advance the definitive cure of a disease, so does orthodontics. However, it should be noted that once removed the devices there is always a natural tendency to relapse into the new positions of the teeth and bones. To avoid this risk, the patient must continue to use simple devices, called retainers, for a period of time that can be extended to the exit of the wisdom teeth. This retention and monitoring period is analogous to convalescence following the cure of certain diseases.
IS ORTHODONTICS POSSIBLE IN ADULT PATIENTS?
The treatment of adult patients is not only possible but, in many cases, it is necessary to correct the progressive deterioration of the denture and to prolong its desirable existence. There is currently a growing demand for adult individuals applying for orthodontic treatment, which was not performed in due course for a number of reasons. However, orthodontic treatment in adult patients is more sensitive and has certain limitations.
To improve acceptance of treatment in these patients, there are currently modern correction devices of excellent aesthetic appearance, tolerance and comfort.
IS ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT EXPENSIVE?
More than expensive, orthodontic treatment is costly if one takes into account the severity of the problem to be solved, the constant and continuous professional attention, the quantity and quality of the appliances and their prolonged duration. All these factors determine the total cost, which varies in each case.
To make it as affordable as possible, its cost is periodically and fractionally paid over the treatment period.
WHAT INFORMATION SHOULD THE PATIENT RECEIVE?
The patient has the right to complete information about the problem he has, his individual characteristics, the treatment chosen and the expected final result. It should also know the approximate duration of treatment, its cost and how to make it effective.
The patient or his / her caregivers should not agree to start orthodontic treatment without first receiving complete information and accepting it under the established conditions.
ARE THERE ORTHODONTIC SPECIALISTS?
An orthodontic specialist is a dentist who has received specialized training that allows him to solve all kinds of irregularities of the teeth and defects of the maxillary bones, especially those severe and severe cases that need a more complex treatment. The orthodontic specialist (also known as “orthodontist”) is dedicated to his specialty, under exclusive practice and does not perform any other dental treatment.
Currently, there are more than 500 orthodontic specialists spread all over the country, whose professional qualifications correspond to the standards established by the European Union, although they are not yet officially recognized.